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Overview of The Big Five Personality Assessment: What is it and How to Use it

    Five Personality Assessment Work For Choosing Career

    What makes all of us different is the way we react to different situations. This is what defines us and our characters i.e. personality. Personality tests have become very popular especially for those who are looking to start or improve their careers. The Big Five Personality Assessment is one of the popular modes in the academic field. The psychological personality research tool is designed to help people understand who they are. Outlined below is an overview of the Big Five Personality Assessment, including its advantages and disadvantages.

    Table of Contents

    1. What is the Big Five Personality Assessment?
    2. How Does Big Five Personality Assessment Work For Choosing Career?
    3. How to Use the Big Five Personality Assessment
    4. When to Use the Big Five Personality Assessment Test
    5. Advantages of Big Five Personality Assessment
    6. Disadvantages of Big Five Personality Assessment

    What is the Big Five Personality Assessment?

    This is a five-factor model that is used to assess an individual’s personality. The assessment consists of tests which must be rated on different point scales. The model is mainly used in academic psychology and it helps to summarize the personality of the participant.

    The five dimensions which make this theoretical framework are openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (OCEAN). These traits rely on a spectrum of degree. This means that a person has the ability to possess a certain range of these characteristics.

    How Does Big Five Personality Assessment Work For Choosing Career?

    This is one of the most commonly used free career self-assessment tools. The Big Five Personality Assessment represents different personality factor which ranges between two extremes. Extraversion, for instance, represents a continuum between extreme introversion and extreme extraversion. Note that in reality, most people have characters between two polar ends of every dimension.

    Openness [O]: it features characteristics such as insight and imagination. People who bare open have a wide range of interests and they are usually eager or curious to earn new things. On the other hand, people who are low on openness don’t like change and resist new ideas.

    Conscientiousness [C]: it measures the level of thoughtfulness as well as impulse control. Conscientiousness also looks at behaviors that are goal-directed. Note that people who are high on this personality love to prepare ahead, pay attention to detail, and usually finish important tasks on time. Meanwhile, those who are low in conscientiousness don’t like schedules and structures. They make a lot of messes and procrastinate all the important stuff.

    Extraversion [E]: it’s normally characterized by assertiveness, sociability, excitability, and talkativeness. Those who are high in extraversion are social, outgoing, and emotionally expressive. Those who are low in extraversion i.e. the introverted prefer solitude and don’t like socializing.

    Agreeableness [A]: this personality trait is characterized by prosocial behaviors, kindness, trust, and affection. Those who are high in this attribute care about others, enjoy contributing and helping others and have a sense of empathy. On the converse, those who are low in this attribute are competitive, don’t cares, and are manipulative.

    Neuroticism [N]: this trait is characterized by emotional instability, moodiness, and sadness. Those who are high in this trait usually experience constant irritability, mood swings, anxiety, and sadness. The opposite of this is people who are emotionally stable and resilient. They deal with stress well and rarely feel depressed or sad.

    Five Personality Assessment Work For Choosing Career

    How to Use the Big Five Personality Assessment

    This is one of the free career self-assessment tools that provides a robust way to describe an individual’s personality. It contains an inventory with multiple questions which are like questionnaires. The Big Five Personality Assessment is usually used in professional settings and it focuses mainly on a person’s preference and style.

    Note: the Big Five Personality Assessment traits are significantly influenced by environmental and biological factors. The way a person is nurtured and the nature of the environment they grew up in plays a role in determining the development of the 5 personality traits. Besides that, these traits tend to be stable in adulthood.

    When to Use the Big Five Personality Assessment Test

    This personality assessment test is usually used during job interviews. Human resource personnel tend to use this assessment test in order to determine if the interviewee is fit for job placement. So, if you are preparing for an interview, this is one of the free career self-assessment tools that you can use.

    Advantages of Big Five Personality Assessment

    • It helps people to understand themselves better
    • Leads to better self-awareness and better relationships.
    • Helps to improve society in general

    Disadvantages of Big Five Personality Assessment

    • It’s a self-psychological assessment which means that the results obtained may be skewed.
    • Language barriers due to misinterpreted inventory items

    The Bottom Line

    The Big Five Personality Assessment traits are universal. This system can be used by people from different cultures in order to accurately describe their personalities. According to psychologists, this assessment system uses a dimension that’s universal and has biological origins. It highlights the traits which show our strongest qualities and offer insights about your social landscape.

    Sources

    • https://www.verywellmind.com/the-big-five-personality-dimensions-2795422
    • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Five_personality_traits
    • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5650243
    • http://www.mit.edu/search/?q=Big+Five+Personality